Prostate cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in American men, with over 241,000 new cases estimated each year. If detected early, prostate cancer can be treated effectively 99% of the time. This guide will provide you with information on prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment options so that you can make informed decisions about your health.
Why does prostate cancer happen?
There are many possible explanations for why prostate cancer develops. One theory is that it may be linked to hormones, as the prostate gland is influenced by testosterone. Another possibility is that prostate cancer is caused by genetic factors, as it seems to run in families.
Additionally, lifestyle choices may play a role, as obesity and a lack of exercise have been linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer. It’s also worth noting that this form of cancer is more common in older men, so age may be a factor as well.
Ultimately, the exact cause of prostate cancer remains unknown. However, researchers continue to investigate all of these potential contributing factors in order to better understand this disease.
Some of the key risk factors include:
Prostate cancer is most common in men over the age of 50.
Men with a family history of prostate cancer are more likely to develop the disease themselves.
Prostate cancer is more common in black men than white men.
Being obese or overweight increases the risk of prostate cancer.
A diet high in animal fat and low in fruits and vegetables may increase the risk of prostate cancer.
A sedentary lifestyle has been linked with an increased risk of prostate cancer.
Although the exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown, there are a number of risk factors that can increase a man’s chance of developing the disease. By understanding these risk factors and making lifestyle changes accordingly, men can help reduce their risk of prostate cancer.
Symptoms of prostate cancer
Symptoms can include changes in urinary habits, such as a slow or weak urinary stream or the need to urinate more frequently. Other prostate cancer symptoms may be related to sexual function, such as difficulty achieving an erection or painful ejaculation. In some cases, prostate cancer may cause no symptoms at all.
Prostate cancer that is still confined to the prostate gland may cause few or no symptoms. When prostate cancer spreads outside the prostate, it often metastasizes to the bones, which can cause bone pain and other problems.
If you experience any of the following prostate cancer symptoms, make an appointment with your doctor for further testing:
– Changes in urinary habits, such as a slow or weak urinary stream or the need to urinate more frequently
– Difficulty achieving an erection
– Painful ejaculation
– Blood in the urine
– Bone pain
– Weight loss
– Swelling in the legs
– urinary incontinence
If prostate cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, treatment is often successful. However, prostate cancer spreading to other parts of the body is more difficult to treat and may not be curable.
Can prostate cancer cause back pain?
While prostate cancer can cause back pain, it is more often the result of other factors, such as age-related changes in the spine or an injury. However, if you are experiencing back pain and have risk factors for prostate cancer, such as a family history of the disease, it is important to see your doctor for a proper diagnosis. Treatment for prostate cancer may include surgery, radiation therapy, and/or hormone therapy, depending on the stage of the disease.
If you are experiencing back pain, talk to your doctor to rule out prostate cancer or other possible causes. There are many potential causes of back pain, and it is important to get an accurate diagnosis so that you can receive the most effective treatment.
How is prostate cancer diagnosed?
In order to diagnose prostate cancer, a doctor may perform a digital rectal exam (DRE) to feel for any abnormalities in the prostate. They may also order a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, which measures the level of PSA in the blood. If either of these tests suggests that prostate cancer may be present, a biopsy will likely be performed to confirm the diagnosis. In a biopsy, tissues or cells are removed from the prostate and examined under a microscope.
Imaging tests, such as an ultrasound or MRI, may also be used to help diagnose prostate cancer. These tests can create pictures of the inside of the body and may help show if there are any tumors present in the prostate or if it has spread to surrounding organs.
Prostate cancer is usually diagnosed by a combination of tests. The type of tests used will depend on the individual’s symptoms and risk factors. Early detection is important, as prostate cancer is often more treatable when it is found in its early stages.
WHO prostate cancer screening
The World Health Organization (WHO) has prostate cancer screening guidelines that recommend men aged 50 years and older be screened for prostate cancer. The guidelines are based on the results of a systematic review of the evidence on prostate cancer screening.
The WHO recommends that men aged 50 years and older be screened for prostate cancer using a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. Based on the evidence, the WHO concluded that there is insufficient evidence to recommend for or against screening with a digital rectal examination (DRE).
Screening should only be offered to men who are willing to undergo treatment if they are found to have prostate cancer. Men should be informed of the potential benefits and harms of screening before making a decision.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, with an estimated 1.3 million new cases diagnosed each year. The prostate is a gland that produces semen. It is located in front of the rectum and below the bladder. Prostate cancer usually grows slowly and may not cause any symptoms.
Screening for prostate cancer can find cancers when they are small and before they cause symptoms. However, screening can also lead to unnecessary tests and treatments. The decision to be screened for prostate cancer should be made after talking with a doctor about the potential benefits and harms of screening.
Where does prostate cancer spread?
Prostate cancer usually starts off as slow-growing cancer, and may not cause any symptoms in the early stages. However, as cancer grows, it may start to spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. This can happen through the bloodstream or lymphatic system.
The most common places for prostate cancer to spread are the bones, liver, or lungs. It is important to catch prostate cancer early, as it is easier to treat when it is still localized to the prostate gland. Once it has spread, prostate cancer becomes much more difficult to treat.
When does prostate cancer spread?
Prostate cancer usually grows slowly and may cause no problems for many years. Many men with prostate cancer do not have any symptoms and do not need treatment. However, some men with prostate cancer will experience urinary problems, such as a slow or weak urinary stream or the need to urinate more often, especially at night.
Prostate cancer may also cause problems with sexual function, such as erectile dysfunction (trouble getting or maintaining an erection) or ejaculatory dysfunction (ejaculating too slowly, in a decreased volume, or not at all).
In some cases, prostate cancer can spread from the prostate to other parts of the body, a process called metastasis. When prostate cancer spreads, it is usually to the bones or lymph nodes. Metastatic prostate cancer is more difficult to treat and is considered stage IV prostate cancer.
If you have any symptoms of prostate cancer, it is important to see your doctor for a prostate exam. Prostate cancer is most treatable when it is found early. There are several treatment options available for prostate cancer, including surgery, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy. The best treatment option for you will depend on the stage of your prostate cancer and your overall health.
Can prostate cancer kill you?
Prostate cancer is the second most common type of cancer in men worldwide and is the fifth leading cause of cancer death. The American Cancer Society estimates that about 1 man in 9 will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime.
Prostate cancer usually grows slowly, and many men diagnosed with prostate cancer do not die from the disease. In fact, more than 3 out of 4 men with prostate cancer are alive 5 years after diagnosis. However, prostate cancer can be aggressive and spread quickly, so it is important to know the signs and symptoms and to get regular screenings.
While prostate cancer mortality rates have been declining in recent years, the disease still kills more than 26,000 American men each year. For African American men, the prostate cancer mortality rate is more than twice as high as for white men.
There are several factors that can affect a man’s prognosis, or how likely he is to die from prostate cancer. These include the stage and grade of cancer, the age and overall health of the patient, and whether cancer has spread beyond the prostate.
In general, prostate cancer that is caught early is more treatable and has a better prognosis than prostate cancer that has spread. However, even if cancer has spread, treatment can still help to slow its progression and improve quality of life.
Can prostate cancer spread to the brain?
While it is not common for prostate cancer to spread to the brain, it is possible. If prostate cancer does spread to the brain, it is usually fatal. Treatment options for prostate cancer that has spread to the brain are limited and typically only prolong life for a short time.
Why prostate cancer metastasis to bone?
There are several reasons why prostate cancer may metastasize, or spread, to the bones. One reason is that the prostate is located near the bone, so cancer cells may easily travel from the prostate to the bones. Additionally, prostate cancer cells often contain high levels of a protein called osteopontin, which helps them attach to bone and grow. Finally, prostate cancer cells produce enzymes that can break down bone tissue, making it easier for them to spread.
Bone metastasis is a serious complication of prostate cancer, as it can cause pain, fractures, and other problems. Treatment typically involves hormone therapy and/or radiation therapy. In some cases, surgery may also be necessary.
When prostate cancer spreads to the bones how long do I have to live?
Prostate cancer that has spread to the bones (metastatic prostate cancer) can be a serious condition. Bone metastases from prostate cancer can cause pain and other problems, such as fractures or paralysis.
The good news is that there are treatments available that can help relieve symptoms and extend life expectancy. In general, the prognosis for men with metastatic prostate cancer is better than it was in the past, thanks to advances in treatment.
Still, it’s important to remember that each man’s situation is unique, so it’s important to talk to your doctor about your specific prognosis. With treatment, most men with metastatic prostate cancer live for several years. A small percentage of men live for 10 years or more.
There are a number of factors that can affect life expectancy in men with metastatic prostate cancer, including:
– The stage of prostate cancer at diagnosis
– The grade of the prostate cancer (how aggressive it is)
– The presence of other health conditions
– The response to treatment
If you have metastatic prostate cancer, it’s important to stay as healthy as possible. Eating a nutritious diet, exercising regularly, and getting enough rest can help you maintain your strength and energy levels. Additionally, there are some complementary and alternative therapies that may help you cope with the symptoms of metastatic prostate cancer.
Talking to your doctor about your prognosis and treatment options is an important step in managing metastatic prostate cancer. With advances in treatment, most men with this condition can enjoy a good quality of life for many years.
When prostate cancer spreads to the lymph nodes what is the prognosis?
When prostate cancer spreads to the lymph nodes, it is considered a stage III or IV cancer. The prognosis for men with prostate cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes is generally not as good as for men whose cancer is confined to the prostate gland.
The 5-year survival rate for men with prostate cancer that has spread to nearby lymph nodes is about 60%. This means that 60% of men with this type of prostate cancer will be alive 5 years after they are diagnosed. The 10-year survival rate is about 40%.
These survival rates are based on data from large groups of men and may not reflect what will happen in any one man’s case. Some men with prostate cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes live much longer than 5 or 10 years after diagnosis.
The outlook for a man with prostate cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes depends on many factors, including:
– The stage of cancer (whether it is III or IV)
– The grade of cancer (how fast it is growing)
– The man’s age and overall health
– Whether cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the bones
Some men with prostate cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes can be cured if the cancer is found early and treated with surgery or radiation therapy. But most men with this type of prostate cancer will need treatment with hormone therapy, chemotherapy, or both.
If you have prostate cancer that has spread to the lymph nodes, talk with your doctor about your treatment options. Clinical trials of new treatments for prostate cancer may also be an option.
Can prostate cancer be cured?
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer among men in the United States. It is important to note, however, that prostate cancer is also one of the most treatable and curable forms of cancer if it is caught early.
There are a variety of treatment options available for prostate cancer, and the decision about which treatment to pursue will depend on a number of factors, including the stage and grade of the tumor, as well as the patient’s age and overall health. In some cases, prostate cancer can be cured with surgery or radiation therapy. However, even when a cure is not possible, treatments can still help to control the disease and extend a patient’s life.
If you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer, it is important to talk to your doctor about all of your treatment options and make a decision that is right for you. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to prostate cancer treatment, and the best course of action will vary from patient to patient. However, with early detection and proper treatment, prostate cancer can be controlled and many patients can live long healthy lives.
Which prostate cancer treatment is best?
There are many prostate cancer treatments available, and the best one for you will depend on a number of factors. These include the stage and grade of your cancer, your overall health, and your preferences.
Watch & Wait
Some men with prostate cancer opt for active surveillance, which involves monitoring cancer closely but not immediately treating it. This may be an option for men with small, low-grade tumors.
Other men choose to have surgery to remove the prostate gland. This can be done through traditional open surgery or laparoscopic surgery, which is less invasive. Surgery may be an option for men with early-stage prostate cancer.
Radiation therapy is another treatment option for prostate cancer. This can be done with external beam radiation therapy or brachytherapy, which involves placing radioactive seeds in the prostate gland. Radiation therapy may be an option for men with early-stage prostate cancer.
There are also a number of different hormone therapy options available to treat prostate cancer. This treatment can stop the production of testosterone, which can help to shrink the prostate gland. Hormone therapy may be an option for men with advanced prostate cancer.
The decision about which prostate cancer treatment is best for you should be made in consultation with your doctor. They will consider all of the factors involved in your individual case and make a recommendation based on what they believe is best for you.
Who should I talk to about prostate cancer?
If you have prostate cancer, you will likely need to see a urologist. A urologist is a doctor who specializes in the urinary tract and male reproductive system.
Primary Care Doctor
Prostate cancer typically affects men over the age of 50. If you are experiencing symptoms such as difficulty urinating, blood in the urine, or pain in the pelvic area, it’s important to see a doctor. Your primary care physician can refer you to a urologist for further testing and treatment.
At your appointment, the urologist will ask about your medical history and symptoms. They may also order tests, such as a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test or a digital rectal exam (DRE). These tests can help to determine if you have prostate cancer and, if so, what stage it is in.
If prostate cancer is diagnosed, the urologist will discuss treatment options with you. Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy, or hormone therapy. The urologist will work with you to develop a treatment plan that is best for your individual case.
In addition to seeing a urologist, you may also need to see other specialists for treatment. For example, you may see an oncologist (a doctor who specializes in cancer) or a radiation therapist. Your urologist will be able to provide referrals to other specialists as needed.
Prostate cancer can be a difficult diagnosis to deal with. In addition to talking to your doctor, you may find it helpful to talk to a counselor or support group. These resources can help you cope with prostate cancer and make treatment decisions.
If you have prostate cancer, it’s important to get the care and support you need. Talk to your doctor about all of your options and resources available to you.
Can I get an online consultation about prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is a serious disease that can be difficult to talk about. However, it’s important to get the information and support you need. One way to do this is through an online consultation.
Telemedicine is a growing field that allows you to consult with a doctor or other medical professional online. This can be a convenient and confidential way to get answers to your questions about prostate cancer.
There are a number of telemedicine companies that offer online consultations. To find one that’s right for you, you can search the internet or ask your doctor for a recommendation.
When you’re ready to consult with a prostate cancer specialist, be sure to ask about their experience and training. You’ll also want to find out if they’re comfortable discussing sensitive topics like prostate cancer.
During your consultation, be prepared to share information about your symptoms and medical history. You should also have any questions that you want to ask ready in advance. This will help make sure that you get the most out of your consultation.
If you are interested in learning more about prostate cancer or would like to consult with a doctor about your individual situation, please do not hesitate to contact us. Our urologist, Dr. Judit Bonkovic-Oszi is available for personalized reviews and can answer any questions you may have about this condition. We appreciate your interest in our telemedicine services and look forward to helping you get the information and care you need.
Dr. Ismail Sayeed
Dr. Sayeed is the Medical Director of ViOS, Inc. He is a deeply committed physician entrepreneur & medical blog writer. While building the global infrastructure of the VIOS Clinic, he is dedicated to educate people on the potential of specialist telemedicine for managing chronic diseases.
Read more about him in his author bio