middle aged man sitting alone in the dining room feeling depressed and sad

It is estimated that approximately one in every six couples faces infertility issues. For men, infertility can be caused by a variety of factors, including lifestyle choices, health conditions, and problems with the reproductive system. If you are experiencing difficulty conceiving, it is important to consult with a doctor to determine the cause and find a treatment plan that will help you achieve your goals. This blog post will provide an overview of male infertility, including the most common causes and treatment options.


Why male infertility occurs

Male infertility is the inability of a male to contribute to conception. It can be due to a number of factors, including low sperm count, poor sperm quality, or blockages in the reproductive tract. While male infertility is not as common as female infertility, it can still be a major obstacle to couples trying to conceive.


There are many possible causes of male infertility. Sometimes, it is due to a problem with the testicles themselves. The testicles produce and store sperm, so any issues with them can lead to fertility problems. Other times, male infertility is caused by problems with the hormones that control the reproductive system. 


These problems can prevent the proper development of sperm or impede its ability to travel through the reproductive tract. Additionally, blockages in the reproductive tract can prevent sperm from reaching the egg.


There are many potential causes of male infertility, including medical conditions, lifestyle choices, and environmental factors. 


Medical conditions that can impact fertility include hormonal imbalances, sexually transmitted infections, genetic abnormalities, and health problems that affect the testicles or reproductive organs. 


Lifestyle choices such as smoking, drinking alcohol, using drugs, and spending time in hot tubs or saunas can also impact fertility. 


Environmental factors such as exposure to toxins or chemicals can also contribute to male infertility. 

depressed cancer patient sitting up on hospital bed

Is male infertility genetic?

There is no simple answer to this question as the genetics of male infertility are complex and not fully understood. However, it is known that male infertility can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic abnormalities.


Some studies have suggested that certain genetic abnormalities may be more common in men with fertility problems. For example, one study found that men with oligozoospermia (low sperm count) were more likely to have certain genetic defects than men with normal sperm counts.


While the genetics of male infertility is still being studied, it is clear that there are many potential causes for this condition. 


Which drugs cause male infertility?

There are a variety of drugs that have been linked to male infertility. These include:


Anabolic steroids

Anabolic steroids are synthetic versions of the male hormone testosterone. They can cause the testicles to shrink and produce less sperm.



Chemotherapy drugs used to treat cancer can damage sperm cells and reduce fertility.


Certain antibiotics

Some antibiotics, such as those used to treat tuberculosis, can damage the reproductive system and reduce fertility.


Tricyclic antidepressants

Tricyclic antidepressants are a type of medication used to treat depression. They can interfere with hormone production and reduce sperm count.



Beta-blockers are medications used to treat conditions like high blood pressure and heart disease. They can impair sperm production.



Alcohol consumption has been linked to reduced fertility in men. Excessive drinking can damage the testicles and reduce testosterone levels.


If you are concerned that a medication you are taking may be affecting your fertility, speak to your doctor. They will be able to advise you on the potential risks and whether you should switch to a different medication.


When does male infertility occur?

There is no one answer to this question as male infertility can occur at any age. However, it is more likely to occur in older men, as the quality and quantity of sperm decrease with age. Additionally, certain health conditions and lifestyle choices can also increase the risk of male infertility.


Can male infertility be treated?

Yes, male infertility can be treated in some cases. If the cause of infertility is a treatable medical condition, such as a hormone imbalance or blockage in the reproductive tract, then treatment may improve fertility. 


Additionally, assisted reproductive technology (ART) can be used to help couples conceive. ART involves procedures such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), which can be successful even when male infertility is present. 


However, it’s important to note that not all cases of male infertility are treatable. If no underlying cause can be found or if fertility treatments are unsuccessful, then male infertility may remain an insurmountable obstacle to conception.


Can male infertility be reversed?

Yes, male infertility can be reversed in some cases. However, it is important to note that male infertility is not always curable. In fact, male infertility may be irreversible in some cases. 


There are various factors that can contribute to male infertility, such as genetic defects, hormonal imbalances, and health conditions. 


Treatment for male infertility typically depends on the underlying cause. For example, if a man has a genetic defect that is causing his infertility, there may not be a way to reverse it. 

blood tests in a secure laboratory doing tests on covid infection and organ damage

How to treat male infertility?

If the cause is a hormone imbalance, treatment may involve taking hormone supplements or undergoing hormone therapy. If the cause is an infection, treatment will likely involve antibiotics. 


If the cause is a blockage in the reproductive tract, surgery may be necessary to correct the problem. In some cases, assisted reproductive technologies (ART) may be used to help couples conceive. These methods include in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). 


Assisted reproductive technologies (ART)

ART are medical procedures used to help couples with fertility problems conceive a child. Many different ART procedures exist, including in vitro fertilization (IVF), artificial insemination, and surrogacy.


IVF is the most common and well-known type of ART. It involves retrieving eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm in a laboratory. The resulting embryos are then implanted into the woman’s uterus.


ART can be expensive and time-consuming, and it is not always successful. Couples considering ART should speak with a fertility specialist to learn more about the risks and potential benefits of these procedures.


Artificial Insemination (AI)

(AI) is the process of manually placing sperm inside a female’s reproductive tract. The goal of Artificial Insemination is to cause pregnancy by ensuring that enough sperm are deposited near the ovum (egg). Artificial Insemination may be performed using either fresh or frozen sperm.


For couples facing fertility issues, Artificial Insemination can provide hope where traditional methods have failed. Artificial insemination may be recommended when the male partner has a low sperm count, when the quality of his sperm is poor, or when there are other issues with the male reproductive system that makes traditional intercourse difficult or impossible.


While Artificial Insemination used to be a complicated and expensive procedure, modern technology has made it more accessible and affordable than ever before.



Surrogacy is a process where a woman carries and delivers a baby for another couple or person. It is an arrangement between the surrogate and the intended parents and is not legal in all countries. 


Surrogacy can provide an option for men who are unable to father a child due to these conditions. In most cases, the surrogate mother is not related to the child she is carrying. 


The process of surrogacy typically involves in vitro fertilization (IVF), and the transfer of the embryo to the surrogate mother. The surrogate mother then carries the child until birth.


Although surrogacy can be a positive experience for all parties involved, there are some risks to consider. These risks include the potential for legal complications, emotional difficulties, and financial burdens. It is important to carefully consider all of these factors before entering into a surrogacy agreement.

woman doctor checking patient files on ipad

Who treats male infertility? What kind of doctor do I need to speak to?



Male infertility is a problem that can be treated by a urologist. Urologists are doctors who specialize in the urinary tract and reproductive organs.


They can help men with fertility problems by providing treatments that improve the quality of their sperm. In some cases, urologists may also recommend surgery to correct a problem with the man’s reproductive organs. If you are a man who is having difficulty conceiving, you may want to talk to a urologist about your options.


Functional Medicine

Another type of medical specialist who may assist in assessing and treating male infertility on a broader approach is a Functional Medicine Doctor. Functional medicine is a type of care that looks at the whole person and addresses the underlying causes of disease. rather than simply treating symptoms. This approach can be particularly beneficial for male infertility, as it can help to identify and treat any underlying health problems that may be contributing to the condition.


Some common causes of male infertility that may be addressed with functional medicine include hormonal imbalances, nutrient deficiencies, and stress. By addressing these underlying issues, functional medicine can help to improve sperm quality and quantity, as well as overall reproductive health.


How can The VIOS Clinic help men with male infertility problems?

The VIOS Clinic offers a variety of services to help men with male infertility problems, including telemedicine services and consultations with a urologist. We offer a variety of treatment considerations for male infertility, including discussing when to undergo surgery, which medications are appropriate, and personalized lifestyle changes for both spouses. We also offer counseling and support services for couples who are struggling to conceive. 


If you or your partner are experiencing difficulty conceiving, we encourage you to contact us to schedule a consultation. We will work with you to determine the cause of your fertility problem and create a treatment plan that is right for you and see how we can help you start your family!


Click on the Doctor’s bio below to know more about how they can help with male infertility.

Dr. Khalid Shukri

Functional Medicine

Ismail Sayeed CEO Medical Director ViOS, Inc.


Dr. Ismail Sayeed

Dr. Sayeed is the Medical Director of ViOS, Inc. He is a deeply committed physician entrepreneur & medical blog writer. While building the global infrastructure of the VIOS Clinic, he is dedicated to educate people on the potential of specialist telemedicine for managing chronic diseases.

Read more about him in his author bio


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

Share This